How to Do CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)

Dr. Tony Taylor, MD, EMBA, discusses CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

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Dr. Tony Taylor, MD, EMBA, discusses CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
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Video transcript

Featuring Dr. Tony Taylor, MD, EMBA

Duration: 2 minutes, 35 seconds

Coming across somebody who’s unconscious or collapsed can be quite stressful for a person.

Most important thing to do initially is to decide or determine whether they’re unconscious and not breathing. The easiest way to do that is to approach the person carefully and yell at them are you okay, are you okay, do you need help?

If you don’t hear a response from them, you can try shaking them to see if they wake up or they move, and if you don’t get any response from then, then have a listen to see if they’re breathing. You may need to listen for several seconds; it may seem like a long time, but listen carefully to see if they’re breathing.

If they’re not breathing and you can’t determine that they’re breathing then you can make the safe assumption that it’s most likely that they don’t have a pulse. At that point, you should yell for help to get some people to help you and call 9-1-1 so that you can engage the first responders and the ambulance service to come en route.

Then start doing chest compressions. CPR is very easy to do. Chest compressions are easy to do. The easiest way to do them is to put your hands in the center of the chest right over the breast bone and compress at 100 to 120 times a minute. You’ll quickly realize compressing that quickly you’re gonna get tired. That’s another reason for having some people to come so that you can switch off.

Don’t worry about hurting the person. The benefit of doing CPR or chest compressions greatly outweighs the chances of causing any serious harm from the chest compressions on the person. You may break a rib or two, but those are survivable and easily treated injuries.

The biggest fear that people have about doing chest compressions is about harming the patient. We know from studies that if you don’t do CPR in those situations, the death rate is almost 100 percent. If we get bystander CPR, it can be a survival rate of as high as 16 percent.

It’s important that people be encouraged to take the CPR courses. They’re short courses for the most part. And remember, one day you may be saving a life of a relative or a friend or a neighbor.

Presenter: Dr. Tony Taylor, Emergency Physician, New Westminster, BC

Local Practitioners: Emergency Physician

This content is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.