Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
How can dieting affect muscle mass?
If you go on a fad diet or a crash diet, you can lose weight very quickly. This rapid weight loss might include muscle as well as fat that you're losing. If we know that muscle in your body helps keep your metabolism higher, than losing that muscle is going to make it harder for your body to keep a high metabolism. Over time, this could lead to a slower metabolism and more challenges trying to keep a healthy weight.
Do I have to get up at night to test my blood sugar?
Most people with diabetes do not have to test their blood sugar levels through the night if their diabetes is well controlled. That being said, if you are taking certain medications which can cause your sugars to drop overnight, you may be asked to test more frequently. Your doctor can help advise you on when you should be testing your blood glucose levels.
What is esophagitis?
Esophagitis is irritation in the esophagus that is caused over time by continuing reflux. It can cause symptoms of the irritation, and can actually cause small blood loss which can lead to anemia (lower than normal levels of red blood cells in the body).