Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What is methotrexate?
Methotrexate is commonly used in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. It is usually the first medication considered in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis , and it is very effective in treating symptoms. You can take methotrexate by oral form once a week, or it can be injected. Your rheumatologist may prescribe methotrexate, perhaps along with other medications, for your inflammatory arthritis.
Does pre-diabetes always lead to diabetes?
No, having pre-diabetes does not necessarily mean you will end up with full-blown diabetes. That being said, if you have risk factors that are causing pre-diabetes and you do nothing to treat these with your doctor's suggestions, you are likely to end up with a diabetes diagnosis. However, if you work hard to correct some of the risks factors causing your pre-diabetes (such as weight loss, and better diet and activity), it is possible to reverse the risk and correct your pre-diabetes.
How do you catch pneumonia?
Pneumococcal pneumonia is a bacterial infection, and very similarly to a cough, or a cold or a flu, this type of infection can be spread via the air. Airborne droplets when someone coughs or sneezes, or if there’s secretions that someone comes into contact to, these are the methods in which you can acquire a pneumococcal infection.