Controlling blood glucose (blood sugar) is a major component of living a healthy life with diabetes. Avoiding low sugars (hypoglycemia) as well as high sugars (hyperglycemia) are key to treatment and blood glucose control. Knowing your numbers and taking control is possible.
Patients with diabetes have a higher risk of long term complications and chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease. An important part of staying healthy is testing blood sugars daily and checking your blood pressure and cholesterol levels on a regular basis.
Insulin therapy is often an important part of diabetes treatment. There are different types of insulin to help patients choose the best treatment option for them. Understand the key role insulin plays in managing your blood sugar, and the goals of insulin therapy.
How do I know if I am at risk of getting diabetes?
Your risk of developing diabetes is higher if you have a parent or sibling with diabetes. Your lifestyle habits - including how you eat, how much exercise you get, and whether you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, can all lead to greater chances of developing diabetes. Also, women who had gestational diabetes while they were pregnant are more likely to become diabetic later in life. If you have risk factors for diabetes, you should review these with your family doctor.
What are the signs of extra testosterone in women?
Too much testosterone in women can cause problems like PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome). Signs of extra testosterone in the female body include dark hair growth in unusual places like the face, neck, back, stomach, or upper arms. You may also notice issues with acne, or sweaty or oily skin. If you are noticing these symptoms, you should see your family doctor to have your testosterone levels checked.
What birth control options are currently available for women?
There are several birth control options out there and your doctor can help you decide which is the best for you. The birth control pill is still a very common method, and the pills have changed quite a bit over the past few decades so the hormone dosages in them are fairly low. An IUD is another option and there are newer types available. Condoms are also widely recommended. Obviously, you need to figure out the best choice for you given your current health status and situation, and realize that different types require different reliable use by the user so you can get the information you need from your doctor.