Atrial Fibrillation is a condition where the heart beats very fast and irregularly. Some patients only experience mild symptoms with atrial fibrillation such as palpitations, breathlessness or light headedness, while others can experience profound symptoms and feel quite unwell with it. 1 in 3 strokes are caused by AF in people over the age of 60 and people with AF have a 3-5 times greater risk of stroke than people without AF.
If you have recently been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, your physician might refer you to a Cardiologist where you will be assessed for stroke risk. One of the ways a Cardiologist assesses stroke risk is by using a guideline called the CHADS score. This takes a number of factors into consideration in order to ensure the patient is put on the right treatment for stroke prevention.
Atrial Fibrillation is a condition where the top two chambers of the heart called the atria beat fast and irregularly. When this occurs, blood can pool in the atria causing blood clots. These blood clots can break off and travel to various parts of the body including the brain, causing a stroke. In order to prevent stroke in patients they need to be assessed by a qualified practitioner and in many cases anticoagulants are prescribed.
How can I lower my cholesterol?
Medications are often prescribed to help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels in high-risk people. These drugs (called statins) have been shown to lower risk of cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke, death) by approximately 30% over a 5-year period. Certain lifestyle measures, including diet and activity, can also positively impact bad cholesterol levels in the blood.
What is the difference between a basal infusion and a bolus infusion?
Some people with diabetes wear insulin pumps to help them get their daily insulin. There are 2 ways the insulin is delivered to the body by the insulin pump. A basal infusion means that there is a continuous amount of insulin that is being released into the body around the clock. You can think of a bolus infusion as an injection of a certain amount of insulin that is delivered when needed. Most diabetics need some extra insulin around meal time or exercise, and this is what a bolus infusion is.
What are the treatment options for gout?
There are several treatments for gout, and it depends on whether you are having an acute attack of gout, or your doctor is looking to prevent gout from recurring. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication or medication to lower the amount of uric acid in your body.