Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?
There is a wide range in the severity of symptoms those affected by osteoarthritis may experience. Some people will have virtually no symptoms, while others may be quite affected. The hallmark symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain and stiffness in the joints. With osteoarthritis of the hands, a loss in grip strength may also be experienced. If you have symptoms consistent with osteoarthritis, speak with your doctor.
Who can help me manage my diabetes?
Your family doctor will likely be the main practitioner designing your treatment plan for your diabetes. Depending on your diabetes, you may also have a diabetes specialist (endocrinologist), diabetes educator (usually a nurse), a registered dietitian, and perhaps a pharmacist. Some communities also have Diabetes Clinics, which house these team members, but may also include exercise specialists, podiatrists (feet specialists) and dentists.
How is non-melanoma skin cancer treated?
Non-melanoma skin cancer is typically treated with surgery to remove to cancerous cells. The size and location of the cancer will determine if a standard surgery involving cutting out the tumour and stitching the skin is appropriate, or if a different approach is needed. For smaller or more superficial cancers, radiation may be used, or even medications to try and treat the cancer. Your doctor and/or dermatologist will be able to help guide the decision on which treatment approach is best for you.