Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects over 9 million Canadians and 25 million Americans. Diabetes occurs when the body has trouble either making or processing insulin. Insulin is the hormone that the body uses to allow sugar (glucose) from the food we eat to go into the cells to be used as energy. If the sugar cannot enter the cells with the help of insulin, it starts to build in the blood.
What is Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's Disease involves a deficit in the brain's ability to produce and transmit a neurotransmitter called dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for controlling movement in the body, and a lack of dopamine causes problems moving and controlling the body.
How can an infection in the knee cause arthritis?
If you have an infection in your knee, it can actually cause the cartilage to wear away at a faster rate than that of normal aging. With this degeneration of the cartilage, it allows arthritis to develop.