Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What are the differences between insulin and pills for managing diabetes?
Many people with diabetes require insulin to help control their blood sugars. For some people with Type II diabetes, there are pill options that may be appropriate if your doctor feels you can manage your condition without insulin. The medications for diabetes cause different effects than insulin - for example, insulin often makes you gain weight whereas the pills can cause weight loss.
What are the different ways to take insulin?
There are three main ways to take insulin. The first is premixed insulin, which you would inject twice a day, the second is to take one injection of a long-lasting insulin each day along with your diabetes pills when you eat meals. The third way involves several insulin injections each day, called multiple daily injections, which would involve one shot of longer-lasting insulin and shorter-lasting insulin injections at mealtimes.
How is dementia treated?
The treatment for dementia basically involves managing symptoms. Your doctor may want to treat your depression if you have low mood, and other behavioural symptoms could be treated as well. This can help lessen the impact of your dementia, and slow down the rate of decline.