Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What are the differences between insulin and pills for managing diabetes?
Many people with diabetes require insulin to help control their blood sugars. For some people with Type II diabetes, there are pill options that may be appropriate if your doctor feels you can manage your condition without insulin. The medications for diabetes cause different effects than insulin - for example, insulin often makes you gain weight whereas the pills can cause weight loss.
Why should I take my blood pressure a few times in a row?
If you are measuring your blood pressure with a device at home, it is recommended to take a few readings, ideally 2 or 3. If you leave a few minutes in between each reading, your arteries will recover and you will get a more accurate reading. By taking a few in a row, you can average them out for a good indication of your blood pressure.
How do I treat my pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes treatment usually involves making changes to certain lifestyle habits that are causing your pre-diabetes. This can involve efforts to reduce your weight, improve your diet, and to increase your activity level. Your doctor can help you identify which lifestyle habits you should work on, however you may wish to consult with an exercise specialist and/or a dietitian to help you with your program.