Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What causes hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar, and there are a few simple things that cause it. You either have too much medication (or insulin) in your body, not enough food in your body, or you exerted yourself physically without the right preparation of food and insulin to fuel your exercise. This can cause your blood sugar to lower and you can experience some uncomfortable side effects from this drop.
How do I know if I am at risk of getting diabetes?
Your risk of developing diabetes is higher if you have a parent or sibling with diabetes. Your lifestyle habits - including how you eat, how much exercise you get, and whether you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, can all lead to greater chances of developing diabetes. Also, women who had gestational diabetes while they were pregnant are more likely to become diabetic later in life. If you have risk factors for diabetes, you should review these with your family doctor.
What is the dosing schedule for the pneumonia vaccines?
If you get the vaccine against 13 (PNEU-13) strains of pneumonia first, you can get the second vaccine against 23 (PNEU-23) after 8 weeks, however, if the situation is reversed and you happen to have the vaccine for 23 strains first, you should wait one year before you have the vaccine against 13 strains.