Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What is good and bad cholesterol?
There are two main types of cholesterol in the body. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is commonly referred to as bad cholesterol, as it contributes to fatty deposits in the arteries. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is known as good cholesterol, as it has a heart protecting function.
What preventative tests should I have done to stay healthy?
There are several screening tests designed to detect health issues early and help prevent certain diseases. Some of these are pap smears, colon screening, mammograms, diabetes screening, and blood pressure checks. Your individual need for any of these (or other) preventative tests will depend on your current medical condition, any health risks and your age and gender. You can ask your doctor which tests are appropriate for you.
When should I be screened for colon cancer?
Most people should start regular screening for colon cancer around age 50. For some, there is cause to start screening tests earlier, especially if you have a family history of colon cancer. If you are having concerning symptoms, i.e., blood in your stool, you may be asked to provide stool samples or have a colonoscopy to rule out colon cancer. Visit your doctor if you are having concerning symptoms.