Atrial Fibrillation is a condition where the heart beats very fast and irregularly. Some patients only experience mild symptoms with atrial fibrillation such as palpitations, breathlessness or light headedness, while others can experience profound symptoms and feel quite unwell with it. 1 in 3 strokes are caused by AF in people over the age of 60 and people with AF have a 3-5 times greater risk of stroke than people without AF.
If you have recently been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, your physician might refer you to a Cardiologist where you will be assessed for stroke risk. One of the ways a Cardiologist assesses stroke risk is by using a guideline called the CHADS score. This takes a number of factors into consideration in order to ensure the patient is put on the right treatment for stroke prevention.
Atrial Fibrillation is a condition where the top two chambers of the heart called the atria beat fast and irregularly. When this occurs, blood can pool in the atria causing blood clots. These blood clots can break off and travel to various parts of the body including the brain, causing a stroke. In order to prevent stroke in patients they need to be assessed by a qualified practitioner and in many cases anticoagulants are prescribed.
What is artherosclerotic heart disease?
Artherosclerotic heart disease involves the gradual build-up of plaque in the arteries which results in narrowing and thinning of these blood vessels. This condition is the leading cause of heart attacks. If you have any concerns about your heart health, or risk of developing heart disease, speak with your physician.
What happens during a pap smear?
During a pap smear, your doctor will insert a device called a speculum into the vagina and then spread it slightly to allow the cervix to be visible. Then a small brush is inserted through the open speculum to scrape off a few cells from the cervix. The cells are smeared onto a slide and examined for concerning cell changes that need further assessment.
How is asthma diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects you might have asthma, they will take a history of your symptoms and medical history. There is a breathing test that can be used to help diagnose asthma which looks at lung function. By breathing into a tube, and then repeating it after taking asthma medication, your doctor can see if you are showing signs of asthma.