Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
What are the differences between insulin and pills for managing diabetes?
Many people with diabetes require insulin to help control their blood sugars. For some people with Type II diabetes, there are pill options that may be appropriate if your doctor feels you can manage your condition without insulin. The medications for diabetes cause different effects than insulin - for example, insulin often makes you gain weight whereas the pills can cause weight loss.
How does a neurologist help stroke patients?
Neurologists are doctors who specialize in problems with the nervous system. When stroke patients arrive at the hospital ER, they may be involved in their care. During a hospital stay after a stroke, a neurologist will help drive the treatment and recovery of a patient, and also prepare them for discharge and follow-up care.
Are all strokes the same?
No, there are two main kinds of strokes. The most common form is caused when a blood vessel to the brain is blocked which causes lack of bloodflow to part of the brain and this brain tissue dies. The other type of stroke happens when blood leaks out of the blood vessel in the brain and goes into the brain tissue around it.