MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) knee injuries.

Dr. Jordan Leith, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, Orthopedic Surgeon, discusses MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) knee injuries.

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Dr. Jordan Leith, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, Orthopedic Surgeon, discusses MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) knee injuries.
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Featuring Dr. Jordan Leith, MD, MHSc, FRCS, Orthopedic Surgeon Video Title: MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) knee injuries. Duration: 1 minute, 54 seconds

An MCL sprain is an injury to the medial collateral ligament of the knee. A sprain defines that it’s a ligament, and it’s a stretching injury to ligaments.

Looking on a model of the knee, again, we’ve got the kneecap, your thighbone, your shinbone. This is the medial side of the knee and the lateral side of the knee. The medial collateral ligament is this structure that runs along the medial side of the knee, and it stops the knee from opening medially.

So when you injure the medial collateral ligament, you stretch this ligament. It usually is injured from a blow to the lateral side of the knee that causes the stretch to the medial collateral ligament.

That’s what results in a medial collateral ligament sprain. There’s a number of degrees of sprains, from 1 to 3, 3 being the worst, which is a complete tear of that ligament.

The majority that we see are Grade 1 and 2, and they’re just a stretch and a little more significant stretch. They’re usually treated non-surgically. They rarely require surgery. If you do have a medial collateral ligament sprain, you will have pain along the medial side of your knee. You will have some swelling. You will have stiffness.

The best way to treat them initially is with ice and rest and anti-inflammatories. You should potentially see your family doctor if these symptoms are more significant.

Your family doctor may choose to refer you to a physiotherapist for treatment. If physiotherapy does not relieve your symptoms within the first six to eight weeks, then you may be best to be referred to a surgeon.

If you have any questions regarding an MCL injury or you think you have an MCL injury that you have further concerns about, then I would seek consultation with your family doctor.

Video Title: MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) knee injuries.

Presenter: Dr. Jordan Leith