Diagnosing Diabetic Retinopathy - How It's Done

Dr. Amit Gupta, MD, FACS, Ophthalmologist, goes over the various different tools available to help diagnose diabetic retinopathy.

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Dr. Amit Gupta, MD, FACS, Ophthalmologist, goes over the various different tools available to help diagnose diabetic retinopathy.
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Featuring Dr. Amit Gupta, MD, FACS, Ophthalmologist

Duration: 2 minutes, 2 seconds

Diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed by looking into the eyes. The eye is the only structure in which a doctor can look with a microscope with a magnification into the microscopic blood vessels in your body, without having to do things like a biopsy.

In the office you will have optical coherence tomography, which is a scan of the eye and can show all kinds of problems, such as swelling of the retina; optical coherence and geography, which allows the shape and location of blood vessels to be identified and look for places where blood vessels are missing or new blood vessels are growing.

You can have photography to compare what is currently happening and be able to compare it to what has happened in the past inside the eye, to see if there’s any progression. You can have fluoresceine and geography, which is injection of a dye inside the arm, and looking at the blood flow in the back of the eye.

With these techniques it is possible to identify the amount of disease, where the problem points are and make a treatment plan for treating the diabetic retinopathy.

Interestingly, inside the eye, you can look at these microscopic blood vessels by a simple examination. It is possible because of this that you can be diagnosed with diabetes just by somebody looking in your eye. And the other problem is that if you have diabetic eye disease in the blood vessels, you probably have diseases in other organs in your body that you may not yet be aware of.

For more information, talk to your eye doctor, who can explain both the treatments and the options for diagnosing the degree of disease that you have.

Presenter: Dr. Amit Gupta, Ophthalmologist, Scarborough, ON

Local Practitioners: Ophthalmologist

Quiz: Diagnosing Diabetic Retinopathy ( 4 participated.)

Test your knowledge by answering the following questions:

Questions
True
False
0

Diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed by looking into the eyes.

1

The eye is the only structure in which a doctor can look with a microscope with a magnification into the microscopic blood vessels in your body, without having to do things like a biopsy.

2

In the office you will have optical coherence tomography, which measures your prescription.

3

Optical coherence tomography won't show swelling of the retina.

4

Fluoresceine and geography involves an injection of a dye inside the arm and looking at the blood flow in the back of the eye.

This content is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.