Cardiothoracic Surgeons

Dr. Budhendranauth Doobay

Dr. Budhendranauth Doobay

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Niagara Falls, ON
Dr. Fawaz Altaf

Dr. Fawaz Altaf

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Joan Mosakoski

Dr. Joan Mosakoski

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Andre Lamy

Dr. Andre Lamy

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Adel Dyub

Dr. Adel Dyub

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Lloyd Semelhago

Dr. Lloyd Semelhago

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Fan Chu

Dr. Fan Chu

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Matthew Danter

Dr. Matthew Danter

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Steve Singh

Dr. Steve Singh

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Irene Cybulsky

Dr. Irene Cybulsky

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Richard Whitlock

Dr. Richard Whitlock

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Dominic Parry

Dr. Dominic Parry

MBChB, MMedSc, FRACS
Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Mohamed Gafoor

Dr. Mohamed Gafoor

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Oakville, ON
Dr. Gopal Bhatnagar

Dr. Gopal Bhatnagar

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Joseph Noora

Dr. Joseph Noora

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Tamer Elghobary

Dr. Tamer Elghobary

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Shafqat Ahmed

Dr. Shafqat Ahmed

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Christiane Werneck

Dr. Christiane Werneck

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Charles Cutrara

Dr. Charles Cutrara

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Mississauga, ON
Dr. Muhammad Ahsan

Dr. Muhammad Ahsan

Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Toronto, ON
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Heart valves are a very important part of your heart’s anatomy, and allow the heart to do the job that it was meant to do. The heart actually comes in two parts: a left heart and a right heart. The right heart’s job is to pump the blood from the body up into the lungs. The left heart will then take the blood from the lungs and pump it out to the body.

How the Heart Valve Can Malfunction

For the heart to do its job,  it needs check valves when it squeezes to cause the blood to flow in the correct direction. Each chamber has an inlet valve and an outlet valve. Heart valves can malfunction in two ways. They can be stuck in a more closed position, so the flow through the valve will be restricted. It can also be stuck in a more open way, in which case the blood can leak back through the valve. If these issues should occur, it can result in blood not flowing the way that it should, and can result in issues for the patient. If someone has problems with their heart valve, they typically will develop symptoms at some point. These symptoms can include shortness of breath, tightness of pain in the chest, dizziness, or irregular or rapid heart rate.

The Heart Valve Replacement Procedure

Heart valve replacement is a common procedure performed to replace a valve in the heart that is affected by heart valve disease. The heart valves control the flow of blood by helping it move in one direction through your heart and body. If a valve isn’t working properly, this blood flow and the blood vessels that carry oxygen throughout the body are affected. 

Most commonly, heart valve replacement is a major open-heart surgery with a recovery of several weeks. During this procedure, the doctor makes an incision in the chest, and circulates blood outside of the body using a machine to add oxygen to it. The newer procedure, which is a percutaneous valve procedure (otherwise known as a TAVI), is less invasive, but isn’t performed at as many hospitals. The most common tissues used for heart valve replacement are cow tissue, made of the heart sac of the cow, or pig valve, and sometimes a combination of both. Other options are a cadaver valve, or transferring your own valve from another part of your heart.

Following your heart valve replacement, you’ll recover in the hospital. You’ll generally need to focus on a long recovery over several weeks or months. 

Talk to your cardiologist if you'd like more information on heart valve replacement.

Visit HealthChoicesFirst.com for more videos and resources on heart health.

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  • Heart valves can malfunction in two ways. They can be stuck in a more closed position, so the flow through the valve will be restricted. It can also be stuck in a more open way, in which case the blood can leak back through the valve.

  • The heart valves control the flow of blood by helping it move in one direction through your heart and body. If a valve isn’t working properly, this blood flow and the blood vessels that carry oxygen throughout the body are affected

  • Most commonly, heart valve replacement is a major open-heart surgery with a recovery of several weeks. During this procedure, the doctor makes an incision in the chest, and circulates blood outside of the body using a machine to add oxygen to it.

  • The newer procedure, which is a percutaneous valve procedure (otherwise known as a TAVI), is less invasive, but isn’t performed at as many hospitals.

  • The most common tissues used for heart valve replacement are cow tissue, made of the heart sac of the cow, or pig valve, and sometimes a combination of both. Other options are a cadaver valve, or transferring your own valve from another part of your heart.

Adherence:
Adhering to your medications, prescribed exercises or lifestyle changes (such as dietary changes, smoking cessation, reduced alcohol consumption, etc.) is essential to improving health outcomes successfully. Compliance to any prescribed treatment is the number one thing you can do to ensure positive changes and optimal treatment outcomes.

A cardiothoracic surgeon specializes in the surgical treatment of diseases that affect the organs inside the chest, most often heart and lung conditions. The major subspecialties of cardiothoracic surgery are cardiac, thoracic and congenital. Common procedures a cardiothoracic surgeon may perform are valve replacement, coronary artery graft, heart transplant and lobectomy (removal of a lobe of the lung).

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