Periodontal disease, or gum disease is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection that destroys the tissues(bone and gum) around your teeth. It is most often preceded by gingivitis, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. Bacteria exist in a thin film called plaque which irritate and inflames the gums. Once this infection colonizes the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes very difficult to remove.
Periodontal disease may present with few symptoms, however, if left untreated, may lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss. Periodontal disease should always be treated promptly. Current studies show that the bacteria of Periodontal disease is linked to heart disease, diabetes and the general health of our body organs. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the developed world.