Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
Does pre-diabetes always lead to diabetes?
No, having pre-diabetes does not necessarily mean you will end up with full-blown diabetes. That being said, if you have risk factors that are causing pre-diabetes and you do nothing to treat these with your doctor's suggestions, you are likely to end up with a diabetes diagnosis. However, if you work hard to correct some of the risks factors causing your pre-diabetes (such as weight loss, and better diet and activity), it is possible to reverse the risk and correct your pre-diabetes.
What should I ask my doctor at my diabetes visits?
When you see your doctor for appointments to look at your diabetes, there are two important questions that you can ask him/her. The first is to ask how you are doing with your diabetes care, and what you could be doing to help prevent common health issues that can be caused from having diabetes. The other is to ask if any necessary tests are up to date and whether your medications need to be adjusted. You can be an active partner in helping manage your diabetes, alongside your physician.
What can I expect if I see a doctor for a wound or cut?
A doctor will be able to assess your wound to see how deep it is, and decide whether or not you require stitches or 'glue' to close up the wound. Your wound will be cleaned out and any other tests (i.e., x-rays) may be ordered to determine the full extent of your injury. You may be given a tetanus shot if necessary.